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The birthstone for January is the deep, red garnet. There are several other colors/species of garnet including those that come in pinks, purple and greens. There is even an extremely rare blue garnet. Garnets are one of the zodiac stones for Aquarius (Jan 21 - Feb 18).


Amethyst is the traditional birthstone of February and the stone of Pisces (Feb 19 - Mar 20). It is a variety of quartz that comes in many shades of purple and violet. There are legends and beliefs that this stone protects its wearer from drunkenness, and has spiritual overtones that lend itself to calming dreams. In many of the legends a clear quartz crystal is turned purple by wine, thus creating Amethyst, which derives from the Ancient Greek translation of "not intoxicated." In the middle ages, it was considered a symbol of royalty and was one of the original five Cardinal Gems along with Diamond, Ruby, Sapphire and Emerald.


Aquamarine is the birthstone for March. It is said to cool the temper and allow the wearer to remain calm and level-headed. It is the bloodstone that is the zodiac stone for Aries (Mar 21-Apr 20).


The birthstone for April is the diamond. Diamonds are formed from pure carbon subjected to high heat and extreme pressure deep under ground. They are also found in the core of stars. Diamonds are the only gems made from just one material. They can be made by man in a laboratory but it is often more economical to make immitation diamonds such as Moissanite or Cubic Zirconia (CZ). Man-made diamonds tend to have a yellowish tint from nitrogen impurities while immitation diamonds will often be colorless or near colorless. CZ can be made colorless or in almost any other color imagined. The zodiac stone for Taurus (Apr 21 - May 21) is the sapphire.


The birthstone for May is the Emerald which is a type of beryl. The Emerald was the favorite stone of Cleopatra and has served as a symbol of rebirth, fertility, health and faithfulness. It is also believed that the wearer of emerald will be able to see into the future. Other varieties of beryl include Aquamarine and Morganite. There is also a red variety of beryl called bixbite or simply Red Beryl. Red Beryl is extremely rare and has only been found in Utah, USA. You can, however, find Red Beryl created hydrothermally in laboratories. The zodiac sign for May is Gemini (May 22 - Jun 21) and its stone is the agate.


June has three birthstones: Pearl, Moonstone and Alexandrite. The pearl is associated with chastity and modesty. Mother-of-pearl is also a substitute for pearl as it is made from the same material. Alexandrite is a beautiful color-change variety of chrysoberyl. The zodiac stone for Cancer (Jun 22-Jul 22) is the emerald.


The birthstone for July is the Ruby. Ruby is the red variety of corundum. All other colors of corundum are called Sapphires. If a ruby doesn't quite have the correct red color, it is called a fancy color sapphire. The zodiac stone for Leo (Jul 23 - Aug 23) is onyx.


The birthstone for August is the Peridot (pronounced "pear-a-doe"). It is said to be a symbol of strength and protects the wearer from nightmares. The zodiac stone for Virgo (Aug 24 - Sep 22) is carnelian. Spinel has also been used as a birthstone for August.


The Sapphire is the birthstone for September and is a type of corundum. Corundum comes in a variety of colors, including red which is called Ruby. All other color variations of corundum are called fancy color sapphires. The zodiac stone for Libra (Sep 23 - Oct 23) is chrysolite. Chrysolite generally refers to olivine, or peridot, and is yellowish green in color.


October's birthstones are the opal and tourmaline (or rose zircon). Opals come in a variety of shapes and colors, including faceted opals. Tourmaline is a beautiful stone that comes in a variety of colors, including pinks, greens and the unique watercolor tourmaline. The zodiac stone for Scorpio (Oct 24 - Nov 22) is beryl. Emerald and aquamarine are types of beryl.


The birthstone for November is the yellow or golden Topaz, called Imperial Topaz, and Citrine. Topaz comes in many colors including blue, green, yellow, orange, pink, red and purple. Under different lighting conditions the gem will show different colors. Blue topaz is the birthstone for December. The zodiac stone for Sagittarius (Nov 23 - Dec 21) is citrine. Citrine is a yellow to brownish orange variety of quartz. Naturally occuring citrine is rare. It is more common to find amethyst that has been heat treated to change from its purple color to yellow-orange.


December has three birthstones: Turquoise, blue Zircon and Tanzanite. Tanzanite has only recently been discovered and is found in Tanzania, near Kilimanjaro in 1967. This stone has variations of color from blue to violet-blue purple depending how the stone is oriented. The zodiac stone for Capricorn (Dec 22 - Jan 19) is the Peridot.
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Belle and Dandy ™ is a family owned and operated jewelry business that's been making and selling jewelry since 2007. We are proud to live and work in the USA and are grateful to the many veterans and service men and women who have made it possible for us to be here today. We are also animal lovers and share our home with many rescued pets. Read more

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